Category II K-P
Citizens by birth who moved to other countries as children or nonresident aliens who lived in the US at one time but were living in another country when they went to Spain.Leemans, Johan. (Jack, John); b. 1885, Geboren, Holland; Dutch; IWW; Served with the XV BDE Lincoln BN; Wounded in action at Jarama; Repatriated medically; Went to Holland, had been deported from US. Jason Gurney in Crusade in Spain wrote about Leemans who he recalled as “Jack Lemmans” and Rik Vuurmans wrote for the Dutch Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War:
"Jack was all of a piece" according to Gurney, a one-piece man. He was born in the Netherlands, but went to the United States as a child and there he had become an anarchist and an "active revolutionary in the American Wobblies" (the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW), the members were generally referred to as Wobllies). He had been beaten up regularly and put in jail, but that had not diminished his confidence in the case. The American anarchists tried to cause a revolution by committing sabotage. Many of the stories that Leemans told Gurney had to do with the setting of bombs, arson and other forms of violence. But Gurney concludes: "Jack himself was one the kindest, gentlest men I have ever known" (Jack himself was one of the kindest, gentlest men I have ever met).At the time of the Civil War, Leemans was back in the Netherlands and he had found it beneath his dignity to spend money brought together by the working class on his transport to Spain, which is why he went for a walk. According to Gurney, he was about 60 years old at the time, but the international brigades' records show he was 52 years old. He had received a shot to the chest and a few months later, on July 12, 1937, according to the records from the archives of the International Brigades, he was rejected. After that he refused to take the train back to Holland and he went walking again. , Juan. b. March 2, 1877, Ponce, Puerto Rico; Puerto Rican; Father: Francisco Mirandes, born in Spain, in Puerto Rico from 1865 to 1894; Mother: Antonia Curet, born in Puerto Rico; Married; Merchant; Domicile Barcelona, Spain; Sources: RGASPI, Fond 545 Opis 6, Delo 829, ll. 15; L-W Tree Ancestry, Registro Civil, Departamento de Salud de Puerto Rico, Passengers and Crew lists; List of additional Puerto Rican volunteers from José Alejandro Ortiz Carrión.
Morales García, Juan. b. 1896, San Juan, Puerto Rico; Puerto Rican; Medical Doctor, Orthopedic Surgeon; Domicile Spain; Commander of Comendencia of Engineers; French Concentration Camp; Returned July 27, 1939 aboard the Mexique; Exiled in Mexico. Source: Alejandro Ortiz Carrion and Teresita Torres Rivera, Voluntarios de la Libertad, Puertorriqueños en Defensa de la República Española 1936-1939.
Palemba, Richard. Brazilian, Domicile Rio de Janeiro, Joined the CP while living in NYC for 6 months. Sources: RGASPI Fond 545, Opis 6, Delo 322, ll. 50.
Pérez Dueño, Francisco. b. 1897, Bayamón, Puerto Rico; Puerto Rican; Machinist on Rotary Engines; Domicile Spain arrived in 1900: Director of the Hospital de Sangre in Madrid; Military court in 1940 sentenced him to 6 months and one day in jail; Possibly died in jail. d. May 1941. Source: Alejandro Ortiz Carrion and Teresita Torres Rivera, Voluntarios de la Libertad, Puertorriqueños en Defensa de la República Española 1936-1939.
Pizarro González, Leandro. b. January 28, 1896, Guayama, Puerto Rico; Domicile Madrid, Spain; Militia of Graphic Artists, Rank Teniente; French Concentration Camp; Returned July 27, 1939 aboard the Mexique; Exiled in Mexico. Source: Alejandro Ortiz Carrion and Teresita Torres Rivera, Voluntarios de la Libertad, Puertorriqueños en Defensa de la República Española 1936-1939.
RGASPI Fond 545, Opis 6, Delo 849, ll 23, List of American Comrades that have been Repatriated as per October 15 1937; Opis 6, Delo 931, ll. 26 (ver ar gen amer); Nederlandse Vrijwilligers in de Spaanse Burgeroorlog (Dutch Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War) accessed August 2, 2020; Gurney Crusade In Spain.
Lionello, Guido. b. November 12, 1901, Cioggia, Province of Venice, Italy, to the US in 1928; Croatian/Italian; father Antonio Lionello; Maritime worker; Antifascist; Expelled from the US in 1931; To Spain in 1936; Served with the POUM militia; Arrested in Barcelona following the events of May 1937, he served six months in prison; After leaving Spain he went to France and later Germany; In 1942 he was in Germany until expelled to France for distributing antifascist leaflets; He returned to Germany and was detained in September 1943; Final fate uncertain. Sources: La Spagna Nel Nostro Cuore.
Llewellyn, Eugene. (Llewllyn; Llewelyn; Lewelyn); b. US; Single; Logger and Seaman; YCL; Domicile Terrace, British Columbia, Canada; To Spain October 8, 1937; Reported MIA; In hospital October 12, 1938; Returned to Canada December 16, 1938 aboard the Montclare from Liverpool to Halifax; Was living in Terrace, British Columbia up to 2000. Sources: Canadian; L-W Tree Ancestry.
Lucev, Ciril. b. 1902, Privic Luka, Sibenik, Croatia; to the US in 1924; Croatian;. Lived in NY; CPUSA; Deported as a Communist in 1933; He returned to Yugoslavia and was imprisoned upon his return; To Spain from Yugoslavia after his prison term. Sources: Biographical Sketch John Peter Kraljic.
Mangraviti, Placido. b. April 16, 1900, Ganzirri, Province of Messina, Italy, To the US illegally; Italian; father Lorenzo Mangraviti, mother Angela (Guerrera) Mangravlti; Seaman; At eighteen worked on steamships for foreign companies; In April 1933 he was expelled from the US due to illegal entry; He moved to France and then Spain; Served in the Militia in the Lenin Column; The last document concerning him indicates that on October 23, 1937 he was in Barcelona. Sources: La Spagna Nel Nostro Cuore
Matisic, Mate. (Matija); b. 1915, Dubrovnik, Croatia; South Slav; Seaman; Arrived in Spain in 1936. Sources: Biographical Sketch John Peter Kraljic.
Patrick Roe McLaughlin. http://internationalbrigadesinspain.weebly.com/irish-volunteers.html McLaughlin, Patrick Roe. b. December 17, 1902, Lecamey, County Donegal; Emigrated to America; Irish American; National Guard; CP 1934, Irish Workers Club; Construction Worker; Domicile 242 Windsor Place, Brooklyn, NYC; Sailed December 26, 1936 aboard the Normandie; Arrived in Spain on January 6, 1937, Served with the XV BDE, Lincoln BN, Jarama for 4 months, to OTS in June 1937, Did not graduate, served at Brunete, Artillery, 11th Regt., 2nd Group, 14th Battery (John Brown Battery), 155mm Guns, in July 1938 served with the XV BDE, Lincoln-Washington BN, Co. 1; Transferred to Almanza Artillery Unit; Rank Soldado; While in Spain he requested repatriation in order to marry the wife of an Irish friend who was Killed in action. (Alternate left London's Victoria station on December 4, 1936 bound for Spain From http://internationalbrigadesinspain.weebly.com/irish-volunteers.html) Sources: Lincoln (under McLaughlin [no first name/ may also be Michael McLaughlin]); Pay (under Lauglen, Mc); RGASPI Fond 545, Opis 6, Delo 443.