b. 1889; Finnish American; Carpenter; Domicile East Holden, Michigan; Sailed May 1, 1937 aboard the Britannic; Arrived in Spain on June 2, 1937; Assigned as a Quartermaster at Albacete; sent to the front during the Ebro Offensive with the XV BDE; Returned to the US on September 19, 1938 aboard the De Grasse. Source: RA, Finnish, K. E. Heikkinen, ed., Meidän Poikamme Espanjassa (Our Boys in Spain), Finnish Workers Federation, USA, Inc., 1939, translated by Matti A. Mattson.