b. August 17, 1910, Duluth, Minnesota; Finnish American; CoB; Priorm military service in Minnesota predecessor to the National Guard, Artillery, 3 years; Single; Office worker, Laborer in lumber trade and Organizer; YCL 1925 and CP 1930, Spanish CP; received passport# 392365 on April 17, 1937 which listed his address as 20 East 4th Street, Duluth, Minnesota; Sailed May 1, 1937 aboard the Britannic; Arrived in Spain on May 30, 1937 after surviving the sinking of the City of Barcelona; Served with the Artillery, 11th Regt., 2nd Group, 14th Battery (John Brown Battery), 155mm Guns, rank Sargento; Returned to the US on February 4, 1939 aboard the President Harding; WWII US Army, ETO, rank Lieutenant; d. September 4, 1991. Source: Sail, SACB, Cadre, RA, Finnish, K. E. Heikkinen, ed., Meidän Poikamme Espanjassa (Our Boys in Spain), Finnish Workers Federation, USA, Inc., 1939, translated by Matti A. Mattson.