BiographyRuivenkamp, Evert.b. September 3, 1915, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Dutch; father Wilem van Eck, mother Jannigje Meurs; Evert returned to the Netherlands with his mother in 1916; Completed 6 months military service in 1935; Volunteered for the International Brigades arriving in Albacete on March 31, 1938, Served in the XI BDE and later as a machine-gunner in the 15th Army Corps, admitted to the Spanish CP; Returns to the Netherlands and is stripped of Dutch citizenship; WWII served in the Dutch Army and was captured by the Germans in May 1940 and released on June 10, 1940; He was active in the Resistance and was arrested on February 17, 1943 and sentenced to death, which was carried out on June 30, 1943. Ruivenkamp is included with the Americans due to being born in the United States. A detailed biographical sketch by Pauline van Tets is posted on the Dutch Volunteers web site.
Source: Dutch Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War (Nederlandse Vrijwilligers in de Spaanse Burgeroorlog) accessed August 4, 2020.
Photograph: Evert Ruivenkamp, undated, Dutch Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War.